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Smoke Damage Restoration Chicago


Smoke and soot particles are the visual by-products of incomplete combustion. Combustion is the self-sustaining process of rapid oxidation.
Smoke Damage Restoration Chicago Fire Damage Restoration Three elements required for combustion (fire) are fuel, oxygen and heat. One of the components of smoke is carbon.

Fire is the result of this combustion reaction. The two terms fire and combustion are not the same, but sometimes are used interchangeably.

Rapid oxidation is known as combustion, while the slow oxidation that most people are familiar with is called rust. Combustion is rapid oxidation, which produces heat and smoke.

Typically the more kinds of substances involved in combustion, the more complex the odors and residues will become.

What Influences Smoke’s Behavior


There are several factors that influence the behavior of smoke. Understanding these factors will help the restorer understand where odors go and how to remove them. They are as follows:

Combusion Temperatures
Air Pressure Changes
Magnetism
Ionization
Impingement

Reducing Smoke Odor


Smoke Damage Restoration Chicago Fire Damage Restoration Removing smoke odor contamination is always the first step in effective, permanent odor control. Next to establishing safe working conditions, prevention or reduction of smoke odor penetration should always be among the first orders of business when arriving to a Fire damaged structure.

Odors are likely to be pronounced when you first arrive. This is because odors are most apparent when humidity and temperature are elevated which are the typical conditions immediately after a fire has been extinguished.

Smoke Damage Restoration Chicago Fire Damage Restoration Smoke can permeate walls and other surfaces and drift through household ducts, where it becomes trapped. If not properly removed, smoke odor will reoccur from time to time, especially during warm or damp weather.

Consult a fire damage restoration professional about a process known as “thermal fogging”. This warm chemical fog penetrates your home and walls just as the fire did, neutralizing the smoke odor as it goes.

Smoke Damage Effects


The following is a timeline of the effects of fire damage and smoke on a home.

Within Minutes: Acid soot residues cause plastics to yellow; small appliances located close to the source of combustion to discolor; highly porous materials (marble, alabaster) discolor permanently.

Within Hours: Acid residues stain grout in bathrooms; fiberglass bath fixtures may yellow; uncoated metals tarnish, counter tops may yellow; finishes on appliances, particularly refrigerators, may yellow; furniture finishes may discolor.

Within Days: In time, acid residues cause painted walls to yellow permanently; metal corrodes, pits and rusts; wood furniture requires refinishing; vinyl flooring requires refinishing or replace­ment; clothing becomes soot stained; upholstery stains permanently.

Within Weeks: Restoration costs escalate tremendously. Synthetic carpet fibers may yellow or discolor permanently; silver plates are corroded permanently; glass, crystal, china may require replacement due to severe etching and pitting caused by prolonged exposure to acid soot residues.

Testing For Smoke Residue


In areas where visual signs are not evident but smoke odors still exist, it will be necessary to test for smoke. It is the adjoining and more distant areas such as spaces inside wall cavities, in basements, attics, and walk-in closets, where a methodical inspection is necessary.

Smoke Damage Restoration Chicago Fire Damage Restoration Smoke deposits will likely be found in and on the following areas:

Cooler Surfaces
Outside walls of the structure
Glass surfaces
Metallic Surfaces
Surfaces that carry static charges
HVAC System FIlters
Inside HVAC sytem ducting

← Fire Damage Restoration Smoke Damage Restoration ↑ Fire Odor Removal →
Fire Damage Restoration Fire Odor Removal

Smoke Damage Restoration


Smoke Damage Restoration


Smoke and soot particles are the visual by-products of incomplete combustion. Combustion is the self-sustaining process of rapid oxidation.

Three elements required for combustion (fire) are fuel, oxygen and heat. One of the components of smoke is carbon.

Smoke Damage Restoration Chicago Fire Damage Restoration

Fire is the result of this combustion reaction. The two terms fire and combustion are not the same, but sometimes are used interchangeably.

Rapid oxidation is known as combustion, while the slow oxidation that most people are familiar with is called rust. Combustion is rapid oxidation, which produces heat and smoke.

Smoke Damage Restoration Chicago Fire Damage Restoration

Typically the more kinds of substances involved in combustion, the more complex the odors and residues will become.

What Influences Smoke’s Behavior


There are several factors that influence the behavior of smoke. Understanding these factors will help the restorer understand where odors go and how to remove them. They are as follows:

Combusion Temperatures
Air Pressure Changes
Magnetism
Ionization
Impingement

Reducing Smoke Odor


Removing smoke odor contamination is always the first step in effective, permanent odor control. Next to establishing safe working conditions, prevention or reduction of smoke odor penetration should always be among the first orders of business when arriving to a Fire damaged structure.

Odors are likely to be pronounced when you first arrive. This is because odors are most apparent when humidity and temperature are elevated which are the typical conditions immediately after a fire has been extinguished.

Smoke Damage Restoration Chicago Fire Damage Restoration

Smoke can permeate walls and other surfaces and drift through household ducts, where it becomes trapped. If not properly removed, smoke odor will reoccur from time to time, especially during warm or damp weather.

Consult a fire damage restoration professional about a process known as “thermal fogging”. This warm chemical fog penetrates your home and walls just as the fire did, neutralizing the smoke odor as it goes.

Smoke Damage Effects


The following is a timeline of the effects of fire damage and smoke on a home.

Within Minutes: Acid soot residues cause plastics to yellow; small appliances located close to the source of combustion to discolor; highly porous materials (marble, alabaster) discolor permanently.

Within Hours: Acid residues stain grout in bathrooms; fiberglass bath fixtures may yellow; uncoated metals tarnish, counter tops may yellow; finishes on appliances, particularly refrigerators, may yellow; furniture finishes may discolor.

Within Days: In time, acid residues cause painted walls to yellow permanently; metal corrodes, pits and rusts; wood furniture requires refinishing; vinyl flooring requires refinishing or replace­ment; clothing becomes soot stained; upholstery stains permanently.

Within Weeks: Restoration costs escalate tremendously. Synthetic carpet fibers may yellow or discolor permanently; silver plates are corroded permanently; glass, crystal, china may require replacement due to severe etching and pitting caused by prolonged exposure to acid soot residues.

Testing For Smoke Residue


In areas where visual signs are not evident but smoke odors still exist, it will be necessary to test for smoke. It is the adjoining and more distant areas such as spaces inside wall cavities, in basements, attics, and walk-in closets, where a methodical inspection is necessary.

Smoke Damage Restoration Chicago Fire Damage Restoration

Smoke deposits will likely be found in and on the following areas:

Cooler Surfaces
Outside walls of the structure
Glass surfaces
Metallic Surfaces
Surfaces that carry static charges
HVAC System FIlters
Inside HVAC sytem ducting

Fire Damage Restoration Fire Odor Removal
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